Hume chahiye azaadi

Terrorism se azaadi

Naxalism se azaadi

Urban naxals se azaadi

Separatists se azaadi

Anti nationals se azaadi

Biased media se azaadi

Stone pelters se azaadi

Sickulars se azaadi

Liberals se azaadi

Tukde gang se azaadi

Radicalization se azaadi

370 aur 35a se azaadi

Haqq hai hamara azaadi

Hum leke rahenge azaadi..!!🇮🇳


बहुत ही जल्द टूटेंगी गुलामी की ये जंजीरें,

किसी दिन देखना आजाद ये हिन्दोस्ताँ होगा।

-अशफ़ाक़ुल्लाह ख़ाँ

Yes, today we are an independent nation and this independence has seen so many sacrifices.

As the country commemorates its 72nd Independence Day, honoring thousands of stalwarts and freedom fighters who laid down lives for the vision of Independent India. The struggle for India’s Independence made some names immortal. But unfortunately, the selfless sacrifice made by hundreds of others for the same cause went unsung, and as India got the freedom they got confined to the dusty pages of history. “Only Nehru and Gandhi did not get us freedom, thousands of unknown freedom fighters laid down their lives in the struggle for Independence. There were many people of whose contributions we are not aware of, and yet they were pivotal role silently in India’s freedom fight.

Each year as Independence Day approaches, there is a lot of writings that appear on the heroes of our struggle for Independence. Political speeches are replete with tales of the sacrifice of our leaders but almost always the same names get all the attention and mention, while innumerable other lesser-known names have been pushed into long-forgotten pages of history. There is little or no awareness of their life, their struggle or their contribution to our struggle for independence. But they are still our heroes by any definition or standard and they too deserve a mention on our Independence Day.

Independence day is a reminder that we are breathing in this free air because some people chose to sacrifice themselves for the sake of our country. These people were some of the great youths with the similar dreams and aspirations like many of us. But they chose the way of martyrdom and sacrifice. Yet they did not live to see the day we attained freedom. So, here is a tribute to all those unsung Indian revolutionaries who made themselves immortal in history.

This article is to show some real heroes of Indian freedom struggle.


Born on 11 June 1897 in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh, Ram Prasad Bismil was a brave revolutionary who gave up his life smilingly for the sake of the Motherland.
He was persecuted by an enraged British government, hunted by the police and betrayed by fellow workers. And yet he lit the fire of revolution to push India on the road to freedom. He led the famous Kakori rail dacoity conspiracy. His poetry is also a lamp lighted at the altar of Motherland. He was one of the founder members of the revolutionary organization Hindustan Republican Association. On 19th December 1927, at the age of 30, Bismil was hanged till death. His death was a great loss to the nation as it lost a great leader as well as a great patriot.


Born on October 22, 1900, at Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh, he was a great freedom fighter who made the supreme sacrifice for India’s independence. His name is written in golden letters in the history of India. He was a member of the HRA whose leader was Bismil. He was the best friend of Bismil who also belonged to Shahjahanpur. Ramprasad Bismil was an Aryasamaji whereas Ashfaqullah Khan was a devout Muslim. They were so devoted to the cause of the nation that their religion did not come in the way of their firm resolve to make India a free country. Khan was hanged on 19th December 1927, at the age of 27 for his involvement in the famous Kakori rail dacoity conspiracy. He was the first Muslim to embrace death on the gallows for his country.


He was born on 27 October 1904, and was an expert in making bombs and had trained Bhagat Singh and many other members of the party to make bombs. Das was 25 at the time of his death. While as a student he had joined the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921 and had spent several years in prison. In June 1929 arrestees of Lahore Conspiracy Case decided to go on hunger strike to protest against atrocities. The hunger strike aroused intense agitation in the country, but little softened the heart of the British authorities. He fasted for 63 days. He never hesitated, never faltered for one small second. Every heart in the country melted down but not of bureaucracy. He died a martyrs death.


He was born in July 1903 at Agra. He was the first secretary of Naujawan Bharat Sabha. He was also related with Lahore conspiracy case. Vohra used to run a bomb-making factory in Lahore. On 23 Dec 1929, he tried to assassinate Viceroy Lord Irwin through a bomb blast but viceroy was able to escape without any injury. His revolutionary wife Durga Devi helped Bhagat Singh in escaping. Vohra died while testing a bomb on 28 May 1930 at Lahore. This bomb was supposed to be used to rescue Bhagat Singh and other undertrials in Lahore conspiracy case by helping them to escape from jail.


He was born on November 18, 1910, in Oari village, Burdwan district, now in West Bengal. He was a close associate of freedom fighters Azad and Bhagat Singh. He learned about bomb-making while working for the HSRA. To protest against the Public Safety Bill and the Trade Dispute Bill, HSRA decided to explode few bombs in the Central Legislative Assembly. On April 8, 1929, Singh and Dutt threw two bombs inside the assembly from the Visitor’s Gallery. The smoke from the bomb filled the Hall and they shouted slogans of Inquilab Zindabad! Dutt was repatriated to the mainland in 1937 and was later released in 1938. He also had participated in the Quit India Movement and was again jailed for 4 years.

Independent India did not accord him any recognition, and he spent the rest of his life in poverty away from the political limelight. Batukeshwar Dutt outlived all his comrades and died on 20 July 1965 after a long illness.


Ramprasad Bismil and Sachindranath Sanyal on October 1924 founded the Hindustan Republican Association to organize an armed revolution to overthrow colonial rule and establish in its place the Federal Republic of India.

Before armed struggle could be waged, propaganda had to be organized on a large scale, men had to be recruited and trained and arms had to be procured. All these required money. The most important action of the HRA was the Kakori Robbery. On 9 August 1925, ten men up the 8-Down train at Kakori near Lucknow, looted its official railway treasury. The british government arrested a large number of young men and tried them in the Kakori case. Ashfaqullah Khan, Ramprasad Bismil, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Lahiri were hanged, others were sent to the Andaman for life and 17 others were sentenced to long terms of imprisonment. Chandrashekhar Azad remained free forever.

Finally, the revolutionaries created a new collective leadership, adopted socialism as their official goal and changed the name of the party to the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association under the overall leadership of Chandrashekhar Azad. The HSRA leadership now decided to let the people know about their changed objectives and the need for a revolution by the masses. The aim of HSRA was to liberate India from the clutches of Britishers.


Also known as MasterDa, was born on October 18, 1893, at Noapara, Chittagong, Bengal. Sen was the mastermind of Chittagong Armoury Raid that caught the Britishers off guard. The original idea was to get hold of the two main armouries in Chittagong and then destruct the Telegraph and telephone office. It was to be followed by the assassination of European guards. It would have isolated Chittagong from the rest of British India. Sen planned and executed the famous raid on the British armoury at Chittagong on April 18, 1930. On the night of April 18, 1930, Sen along with a group of armed revolutionaries made an audacious attack on the armoury at Chittagong. After the raid, the revolutionaries assembled outside police armoury and Sen took a military salute. He hoisted the national flag and proclaimed a Provisional Revolutionary Government. He also led the attack on the armory and seized the magazines and guard room. He fought against British soldiers on the Jalalabad Hill on April 22, 1930. He evaded arrest by the police and directed revolutionary activities from his secret hide-out. He gave a tough fight to the British but was finally captured and subjected to brutal beating and torture by the police and later sentenced to death. He died on the gallows in the Chittagong Jail on January 11, 1934.

Much before Subhash Chandra Bose founded ‘Azad Hind Fauz’, Sen formed Indian Republican Army in Chittagong in 1930, a group of around 54 disciplined armed rebels committed to ending age-long repression of Britishers.


Pritilata Waddedar was born on 5 May 1911 and was a Bengali revolutionary nationalist who was influential in the Indian independence movement. After a brief stint as a school teacher, she joined the revolutionary group headed by Surya Sen. To avenge the death of innocent teenage comrades in Jalalabad encounter, Surya Sen’s next strategy was to attack the Pahartali European club which had a board titled – Dogs and Indians are not allowed. Sen selected Pritilata to lead this plan along with a team to attack the European club on September 23rd, 1932. Pritilata succeeded in attacking the European club, but suddenly in the bloody encounter, Pritilata and her members were chased down by British. She was fatally wounded in this attack and there was no way to escape from the Britishers. Finally, Pritilata commanded her members to run away from the spot and preferred to sacrifice her life for her motherland. She ended her life by swallowing potassium cyanide. At a very young age of 21, Pritilata had given up her valuable life for our motherland.


It was one of the most astounding and valiant revolutionary endeavors in the history of the Indian freedom struggle that was devised by the youths of the region. The attack was conducted on 18th April 1930 to raid the armoury of police and auxiliary forces from the Chittagong in Bengal province during the rule of the British Empire in India. The Indian Republican Army was led by Masterda Surya Sen and other members included Kalpana Dutta, Pritilata Waddedar, Anand Gupta, Jiban Ghoshal, Ananta Singh, Tarakeswar Dastidar, Harigopal Bal, Ardhendu Dastidar, Sasanka Datta, Naresh Roy, Ambika Chakrobarty, Subodh Roy, Nirmal Sen, Lokenath Bal and Ganesh Ghosh.

The aim of this revolutionary attack was to disable all the British resources and make Chittagong Independent from the tyrant supremacy.


India has a long history of freedom struggle. In 100 years of freedom struggle, only Gandhi and its associated congress members are considered as freedom fighters and national heroes. There are many unsung heroes whose sacrifice for the country has not been taken for consideration. We need not portray them like Gandhi, but at least respect their sacrifice for the nation. The Indian freedom movement was massive in its sweep. Armed revolutionaries were not only carrying on guerrilla wars at home, they even took the battle to England, where they assassinated British officials.

A real freedom struggle is always the violent one because no imperialist power gives up its conquered country without an armed struggle. The real freedom fighters of this country are Azad, Bismil, Surya Sen, Bhagat Singh, Ashfaqulla Khan etc since they were taking our freedom struggle in the correct revolutionary direction and had they succeeded we would have had a prosperous country today. The basic idea of the revolutionaries was to stir the soul of the country, awaken the fighting spirit of the nation, and remind the people of their past glory and to show them that the time has come to stand up and be counted.

The blood-stained face of the freedom struggle never gets mentioned anywhere in our syllabus because it was intended to be hidden away in the dark corridors that are seldom trodden.

Our children are brought up to believe that India got independence because of the principle of non-violence. The sacrifice of the revolutionaries has gone unnoticed by those holding the reigns of Indian history. The pain, struggle, and sacrifice of the Revolutionaries haven’t been considered worthy of finding a place in the history textbooks of independent India. The textbook, unfortunately, finds no mention of the sway that revolutionary activity held over the youth of colonial India.

Our real freedom fighters and patriots have been carefully relegated to a footnote in our national historiography. It is common sense that no one gives up a huge empire because of hunger strikes and salt marches. Bismil, Ashfaqullah Khan, Azads, and contributions of many other revolutionaries are hardly known to anyone. Resultantly, the supreme sacrifice of great revolutionaries tragically doesn’t even find a mention in the textbooks.

Today’s kids and most laid-back adults are spoonfed that Indian freedom was all possible only because of Gandhi, while the others were just temporary spikes in the freedom struggle. Independence came through the indefatigable spirit of revolutionaries rather than the charisma of one man.


There is a couplet in Urdu, “Shahidon ki Chitaon par lagenge har baras mele, watan par mitne walon ka yehi namon nishan hoga”. Unfortunately, that has not happened in independent India. India has so many martyrs who are unsung and unheard. Their contributions have been eclipsed by contributions of just a few. Countless freedom fighters gave up their lives and their comforts to fight for an entire country’s right to govern itself. And while India has honored many of them, there are some that a majority does not recognize. Because while some are splashed across our history books and referred to in grandiose speeches, many have passed unsung into academic texts.

People from different spectrums, from North to South and East to West, played an immense role in India’s independence movement. It is even more important to realize that this movement, at that stage, in its inception, was a unified moment of people belonging to different communities, religion, and castes for India’s independence. The history textbooks or the corrupt politicians of the pre-independent India who termed those revolutionaries as trigger-happy outlaws.

The pages of Indian history are soaked with the blood of countless patriots, revolutionaries who happily laid their lives for the liberation of the nation from tyrant British Empire. Along with men, women too have equally given their contribution to the freedom struggle, both violent and non-violent ways. History textbooks have always been biased on revolutionaries. Very less was mentioned about the Indian revolutionaries whose martyrdom got hardly any space in hearts of Indians.


With our country moving ahead on the path of development today every citizen of India is leading a life bestowed with ample liberty to live his life the way he wants to. But at times while being overindulgent in our hectic and somewhat self-centered lives we hardly manage to spare anytime to think about those who ruined their presents in order to bestow us with a supreme future.

They cared to die for us, they sacrificed their lives so that their forthcoming generations can be born free and die free. They died for us so that we can live in a free country. But when we look at India today, we don’t seem to be valuing our freedom, we seem to have taken it for granted. If we want to see our country become crown of the world again, we will have to remind ourselves that our forefathers have laid their lives for us.

Through this article, I have taken a small effort to circulate the story of those brave revolutionaries of India who never bothered about worldly comforts and got perished for the honor of the nation.

शहीदों की चिताओं पर लगेंगे हर बरस मेले,

वतन पर मिटने वालों का यही बाकी निशां होगा..।



Stars often fall, heroes go unsung and martyrs most certainly die too young: John Baez.

The significance of the date 23rd July lies in the fact that today in the year 1906 a valiant patriot and an immortal revolutionary by the name of CHANDRASHEKHAR AZAAD was born in Brahmin family of Pt. Sitaram Tiwari and Jagrani Devi in the Bhabara, Madhya Pradesh. When India was in the hands of and throes of slavery, with colonial cruelty crossing all human limits. Those times were different- people were less egocentric, cynicism was rare and every man breathed the same wish – INDEPENDENCE!!

Azaad is a matchless and rare personality of the revolutionary movement in India. Though born into a family in the grip of stark poverty and deprivation, he considered personal interests negligible and made freedom of the motherland the objective of his life.

As his name ‘AZAAD’ indicates freedom, Chandrashekhar Azaad remained Azaad till the last breath of his life fighting with the British policemen at Alfred Park on 27th February 1931. Azaad believed that it was essential to have an armed revolutionary movement that would eradicate the British supremacy from India.

Chandrashekhar Azaad was a brave heart whose revolutionary actions filled terror in minds of British Empire and his efforts were finally paid with the independence of India on 15th August 1947. Azaad was a symbol of courage, fearlessness, patriotism who has inspired millions of Indians to shun their lethargicness and perform their duties with responsibility.


Azaad was just 15 when the British first apprehended him while supporting the non-cooperation movement in 1921. When the British asked him, his father’s name and residence, he answered proudly “Azaad”,”Swatantrata” and “Jail” respectively and thus was born an immortal, brave heart, a courageous revolutionary who’s contribution in Indian freedom struggle is unmatched and unparallel.

Azaad joined Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement but the violence by the British infuriated him to such an extent that he turned a revolutionary. Later he joined HINDUSTAN REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION as a freedom fighter and later became its leader. He was involved in KAKORI train heist, Central Legislative Assembly bombing incidents, Delhi Conspiracy and the shooting of British police superintendent Saunders at Lahore to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai.

Azaad lived up to his self-pride in not surrendering and in not succumbing to the enemy’s bullets. His fearlessness is signified by the fact that he continued fighting an army of British soldiers for several hours before sacrificing his own life when there was no way out, thus setting a rare example of bravery, courage, and devotion to the motherland. He was truly a one-man army who sacrificed his life for the sake of the independence of the nation.


Chandrashekhar Azaad was a unique person in every way. Three important aspects of Azaad make him unique:

  1. His ability to evade capture and remain a free man till his last breath is perhaps the most important. The very name AZAAD or free cast an aura of post-independence Indian.
  2. His very name and his Mack of being one man army made him the darling of the country.
  3. His final solitary stand against the bunch of policemen at Alfred park represents the undaunted and free spirit of the man- an inspiration for the generations to come.


Chandrashekhar Azaad, the understated and at times, underrated revolutionary, who gave India’s freedom struggle its moments of triumph by dint of his doughty spirit, lived by his pledge of justice and equality. The man who breathed courage, bravery, and sacrifice inspiring the revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru still hold a beacon to the modern society, scourged by meretricious principles, on what it means to live and die with honor.

While Bhagat Singh hogs all the limelight, Chandrashekhar Azaad the lionhearted revolutionary is lost into oblivion. The unsung heroes like Chandrashekhar Azaad, Ram Prasad Bismil etc deserve as much respect as Gandhi and Bhagat Singh. Since Indian freedom struggle was possible only because of the revolutionaries like Azaad. Leaders like Gandhi and Bhagat Singh were at the forefront of the freedom struggle got their due but those who slogged behind the scenes were never recognized or given credits for successful transformation of our nation from the British rule to an independent nation.


On February 27, 1931 Azaad shot himself dead while bravely fighting with the bunch of policemen at the Alfred park in Allahabad and attained martyrdom so that we Indians could rejoice in freedom. He was unfortunately betrayed by some of his traitor colleagues.

He lived and died by his name and remained free ever after his first capture. He was truly the bravest patriot ever born in this country who sacrificed his life for the sake of freedom of the nation.


Azaad did not die. He lives on in our hearts. He will live forever. He can be seen alive and confident in Chandrashekhar Azaad Park twirling his mustachios, musing with satisfaction at the great distance India has traveled since his time. Azaad’s contribution to the evolution of India as a nation will continue to encourage freedom lovers all over the world.

The saga of this extraordinary leader will always be remembered and recited to the young generation for endless decades. The debt of gratitude we owe to him can never be repaid.